Heritage Council

Dr. Marlène Losier (Lead)

Marlène Losier is a legal expert in cultural and celestial properties.  As the Legal Expert in the Delegation for the Republic of Italy to UNESCO, she has contributed to:

2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage April 2011: Third Meeting of States Parties May 2013: Fourth Meeting of States Parties April 2015: Fifth Meeting of States Parties September 2012: Drafting Committee on the Operational Guidelines May 2017: Sixth Meeting of States Parties

1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property June – July 2014: Second Session of the Subsidiary Committee May 2015: Third Meeting of States Parties May 2015: Extraordinary Session of the Subsidiary Committee September 2015: Third Session of the Subsidiary Committee May 2017: Fourth Meeting of States Parties May 2017: Fifth Session of the Subsidiary Committee May 2018: Sixth Session of the Subsidiary Committee

(ICPRCP) Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Countries of Origin or its Restitution in case of Illicit Appropriation May 2018 – 21st Session of the Intergovernmental Committee

United Nations Security Council – United Nations, New York November 2017: Briefing on Resolution 2347 (S/RES/2347 (2017))

UNESCO High-Level Panel on Cultural Property and Shared Heritage June 2018


Dr. Berenika Drazewska

Dr. Berenika Drazewska holds an LL.M. and a Ph.D. in international cultural heritage law from the European University Institute (2016). In her doctoral thesis she examined the concept of military necessity in the context of protection of cultural heritage during armed conflicts. At the EUI, she was one of the coordinators of the Cultural Heritage Working Group which organized conferences, workshops and seminars on legal issues relevant to cultural heritage protection. In 2012, she interned at the International Treaties section of UNESCO in Paris. In 2016/2017, Dr. Drazewska was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University where she worked on issues of global cultural governance and accountability. Dr Drazewska’s research interests include protection of cultural heritage and cultural diversity, cultural human rights and cultural governance. She has participated in international conferences as well as published and peer-reviewed articles on these topics. She is currently working on her monograph tackling the problem of destruction of cultural heritage from the point of view of international law. Dr. Drazewska is a member of the European Society of International Law (International Law of Culture Interest Group).


Dr. Lucas Lixinski

Dr. Lucas Lixinski is Associate Professor at Faculty of Law, UNSW Sydney. He holds a PhD in International Law from the European University Institute (Florence, Italy); an LLM in International Human Rights Law from Central European University (Budapest, Hungary) and an LLB from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil). He writes and publishes extensively on international law, particularly on international cultural heritage law and international human rights law. He has authored over 90 publications, including articles in top journals like, The American Journal of International Law, the European Journal of International Law, the Leiden Journal of International Law and the International Journal of Cultural Property, among many others. He has also published two monographs with Oxford University Press, the latest one being International Heritage Law for Communities: Exclusion and Re-Imagination (2019). He sits on the editorial board of the International Journal of Heritage Studies and the Santander Art and Culture Law Review, among several others, and is Editor-in-Chief of the Australian Journal of Human Rights. He is Vice-President (Conference) of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies and is Rapporteur of the International Law Association’s Committee on Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance.

Dr. Hanna Schreiber

Dr. Hanna Schreiber (PhD) is an Assistant Professor working since 2006 at the University of Warsaw, Poland (Faculty of Political Science and International Studies). She holds three MA diplomas in: political science, law and history. She has vast interdisciplinary, international and intercultural experience in research and cooperation, including armed forces (multinational military, e.g. NATO, participant in Multi-National Experiment 6), non-governmental organizations, governmental units and international organizations (Council of Europe, UNESCO) in the field of the safeguarding of culture and cultural heritage as well as cross-cultural awareness.

Dr. Schreiber served as a first Secretary of the Polish Parliamentary Group on Outer Space and cooperated with diverse space organizations in Poland and abroad (2007-2008).

Currently, she is an active member of several international academic research organizations, including: the International Law Association Committee on the Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance, Association of Critical Heritage Studies (co-ordinator of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Network and co-editor of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Newsletter), European Society of International Law (Working Group on International Law on Culture) and European International Studies Association.

Dr. Schreiber also served as a member of the National Council for Intangible Cultural Heritage (2013-2018, was vice-president of this Council and Head of the Working Group on Legal and Strategic Issues related to ICH).  She was the main coordinator of the first Polish nomination to UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity (Nativity scene – szopka – tradition in Kraków) inscribed onto the List in November 2018 and labelled by UNESCO as a good example for other States. She was  programme and thematic coordinator of the 1st China-Central and Eastern European Countries Expert-Level Forum on the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (Kraków, October 2016) and served as a member of the Polish delegation to UNESCO 2003 Convention meetings in Paris (June 2016, June 2018), Addis Abeba (Ethiopia, December 2016), Jeju, (Korea, December 2017) and Port Louis (Mauritius, November 2018), as well as a representative of an NGO in Bogota (Colombia, December 2020).

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