Heritage Council

Dr. Marlène M. Losier (Lead)

 Dr. Marlène M. Losier is a legal expert in title and proprietary rights over cultural and celestial properties.  She advises private and public clients regarding the international and national legal policy implications of transitional disputes over rare objects found on land, underwater and beyond Earth, particularly as they involve the succession of States.  She advises also on creating new domestic and international laws with respect to cultural properties.  Dr. Losier is an expert in complex matters of sovereign immunity and jurisdiction, where they conflict and when they are evoked in jurisdictional voids.  Her academic background is in government and social anthropology and her legal basis is in international litigation, alternative disputes resolution and contractual matters.  She is Principal of Losier & González, PLLC based in Washington, D.C.


Dr. Berenika Drazewska

Dr. Berenika Drazewska holds an LL.M. and a Ph.D. in international cultural heritage law from the European University Institute (2016). In her doctoral thesis she examined the concept of military necessity in the context of protection of cultural heritage during armed conflicts. At the EUI, she was one of the coordinators of the Cultural Heritage Working Group which organized conferences, workshops and seminars on legal issues relevant to cultural heritage protection. In 2012, she interned at the International Treaties section of UNESCO in Paris. In 2016/2017, Dr. Drazewska was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University where she worked on issues of global cultural governance and accountability. Dr Drazewska’s research interests include protection of cultural heritage and cultural diversity, cultural human rights and cultural governance. She has participated in international conferences as well as published and peer-reviewed articles on these topics. She is currently working on her monograph tackling the problem of destruction of cultural heritage from the point of view of international law. Dr. Drazewska is a member of the European Society of International Law (International Law of Culture Interest Group).


Prof. Tullio Scovazzi

Tullio Scovazzi is Professor of International Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca in Milan, Italy. He occasionally participates as legal expert at international negotiations and meetings relating to human rights, cultural properties, the sea and the environment.


Dr. Sabrina Urbinati

Dr. Sabrina Urbinati is a Legal Expert and Associate Researcher at the University of Milano-Bicocca (Milan, Italy) and the University of Milan (La Statale) (Milan, Italy) where previously she had been a Postdoctoral Research Fellow on two topics: “the new dimension of the concepts of international peace and security and the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage” and “the protection of underwater cultural heritage.”

She obtained her PhD in International Law under a joint tutorship program between the University of Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris, France) and the University of Milan (Milan, Italy). The subject of her PhD dissertation was “non-compliance procedures under international conventions on the protection of the environment.” Dr. Sabrina Urbinati holds also a D.E.A. (Diplome d’Etudes Approfondies) in International Law and International Organizations from the University of Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris, France). She is a qualified lawyer of the Bologna Bar Association (Bologna, Italy).

Dr. Sabrina Urbinati’s main areas of research are the international protection of cultural heritage and of the environment.  She has been involved in several national, international and European research projects concerning these same topics, as well as that on several others, such as the law of the sea, human rights and humanitarian law.  On these topics she has extensively published at both the national and international levels and made presentations at international conferences in Europe and China. Since 2006, she has headed teaching seminars on international law and international organizations, the protection of the environment and the protection of cultural property and heritage at the School of Law of the University of Milano-Bicocca (Milan, Italy). Additionally, she collaborates with the Cultural Law Research Centre of China established within Central South University (Changsha, China).

Finally, since 2000, she has acted as Legal Advisor to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in several negotiations and international meetings at UNESCO (Paris, France).  In 2012 and 2013 she acted as Legal Expert of the ACCOBAMS Secretariat and ASPACI (an Italian NGO specialized on the protection of intangible cultural heritage).  Since 2014, she has been a member of the UNESCO Roster of Experts and of the Information Sharing Network within the framework of the Emergency Safeguarding of the Syrian Cultural Heritage Project (Paris, France). Since 2016, she has taken part in the WaterLex Pool of Experts (Geneva, Switzerland)

Dr. David Gallo

Dr. David Gallo is an oceanographer and ocean explorer with 40+ years of experience specializing in the very deep sea.  He has helped enable technologies for humanity to “see the deep sea” with unparalleled resolution and clarity including with the use of manned submersibles to produce multi-sensor maps of the rugged deep seafloor.

 For nearly 30 years Dr. Gallo was Director of Special Projects at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and subsequently a Senior Adviser for Strategic Initiatives at RMSTitanic, Inc. He has been described by TED Conferences as “an enthusiastic ambassador between the sea and those of us on dry land.”

Dr. Gallo has participated in expeditions to all of the world’s oceans and was one of the first scientists to use a combination of robots, autonomous vehicles and submarines to explore the deep seafloor. He co-led an expedition to create the first detailed and comprehensive map of the RMS TITANIC, as well as lead the successful U.S. effort to locate missing Air France flight 447. He is currently involved in planning the most advanced expedition to the wreck of RMS TITANIC. Dr. Gallo also served as an  Advisory Board member for the XPrize Foundation.

Dr. Gallo is an acclaimed public speaker and an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a National Fellow of The Explorers Club, a TED-All Star and a recipient of the Lotus Club Distinguished Achievement Award. In recognition of his role in exploration and science communications, Dr. Gallo has also received a Computerworld-Smithsonian Award, the Explorer’s Club Lowell Thomas and the Frances Hutchinson Medal of the Garden Clubs of America, among other noteworthy accolades.

 Dr. Gallo remains at the forefront of ocean exploration, participating in, being witness to and communicating the development of new technologies and scientific discoveries that shape our view of our indigenous planet and beyond.


Dr. Lucas Lixinski

Dr. Lucas Lixinski is Associate Professor at Faculty of Law, UNSW Sydney. He holds a PhD in International Law from the European University Institute (Florence, Italy); an LLM in International Human Rights Law from Central European University (Budapest, Hungary) and an LLB from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil). He writes and publishes extensively on international law, particularly on international cultural heritage law and international human rights law. He has authored over 90 publications, including articles in top journals like, The American Journal of International Law, the European Journal of International Law, the Leiden Journal of International Law and the International Journal of Cultural Property, among many others. He has also published two monographs with Oxford University Press, the latest one being International Heritage Law for Communities: Exclusion and Re-Imagination (2019). He sits on the editorial board of the International Journal of Heritage Studies and the Santander Art and Culture Law Review, among several others, and is Editor-in-Chief of the Australian Journal of Human Rights. He is Vice-President (Conference) of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies and is Rapporteur of the International Law Association’s Committee on Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance.

Luís Benítez Romano (Intern)

Luís Benítez Romano is an intern on For All Moonkind’s Heritage Council. His work consists of researching heritage segments of outer space cultural heritage and is particularly interested in identifying the scientific achievements across time that have facilitated human space exploration. Luís is an undergraduate student at the Instituto Tecnológico de Puebla in Mexico where he majors in industrial engineering. Prior, he attended the Instituto Oriente of Puebla where had participated in various Models UN programs at Mexico’s national level and placed first on several committees including the Committee for Human Rights. Luís is fluent in Spanish and proficient in English.


Dr. Hanna Schreiber

Dr. Hanna Schreiber (PhD) is an Assistant Professor working since 2006 at the University of Warsaw, Poland (Faculty of Political Science and International Studies). She holds three MA diplomas in: political science, law and history. She has vast interdisciplinary, international and intercultural experience in research and cooperation, including armed forces (multinational military, e.g. NATO, participant in Multi-National Experiment 6), non-governmental organizations, governmental units and international organizations (Council of Europe, UNESCO) in the field of the safeguarding of culture and cultural heritage as well as cross-cultural awareness.

Dr. Schreiber served as a first Secretary of the Polish Parliamentary Group on Outer Space and cooperated with diverse space organizations in Poland and abroad (2007-2008).

Currently, she is an active member of several international academic research organizations, including: the International Law Association Committee on the Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance, Association of Critical Heritage Studies (co-ordinator of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Network and co-editor of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Newsletter), European Society of International Law (Working Group on International Law on Culture) and European International Studies Association.

Dr. Schreiber also served as a member of the National Council for Intangible Cultural Heritage (2013-2018, was vice-president of this Council and Head of the Working Group on Legal and Strategic Issues related to ICH).  She was the main coordinator of the first Polish nomination to UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity (Nativity scene – szopka – tradition in Kraków) inscribed onto the List in November 2018 and labelled by UNESCO as a good example for other States. She was  programme and thematic coordinator of the 1st China-Central and Eastern European Countries Expert-Level Forum on the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (Kraków, October 2016) and served as a member of the Polish delegation to UNESCO 2003 Convention meetings in Paris (June 2016, June 2018), Addis Abeba (Ethiopia, December 2016), Jeju, (Korea, December 2017) and Port Louis (Mauritius, November 2018), as well as a representative of an NGO in Bogota (Colombia, December 2020).

Mr. Babatunde E. Adebiyi

Babatunde E. Adebiyi is Legal Adviser to the National Commission for Museums and Monuments of Nigeria and has represented Nigeria at UNESCO’s General Assembly and the meetings of States Parties to its cultural heritage conventions. He also represents Nigeria at the Benin Dialogue Group which works to obtain the return from abroad of illicitly taken Nigerian cultural objects. He recently worked on the 2020 return of an Ife terracotta from the Netherlands, among other successful returns. Babatunde is a member of ICOMOS and the ICOMOS Climate Change and Heritage Working Group in Nigeria. He sits on the Steering Committee of Nigeria’s Legacy Restoration Trust, which will establish a cultural heritage hub in Benin City to include also a royal museum to house returned and resituated Nigerian cultural properties.

Previously, Babatunde served on the Governing Council of the Central Bank of Nigeria Entrepreneurship Development Centres, as technical and legal adviser to the Directorate of Employment of Nigeria, founded Teach a Neighbour in which youth teach elders to read, volunteered as a teacher of current events at the Ondo State School for the Blind and held a leadership position in the Green Movement. He is Honorary Consultant to the Peace Education for the African Refugees Foundation.

Babatunde has written extensively on heritage management and protection, including Towards the Perfect Law for Heritage Protection and Management in Nigeria and The Fault is not in Our Stars, which is a critique of Nigerian heritage law. Babatunde attended The Nigerian Law School. He holds an LLM from the University of Abuja, an LLB from the Obafemi Awolowo University and is currently a PhD candidate in international law. Amongst other organizations, Babatunde is a member of the Nigerian Bar Association and the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. He is a Notary Public.

Dr. Andrzej Jakubowski

Dr. Andrzej Jakubowski is a lawyer and art historian. He is affiliated with the University of Opole and with the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He currently serves as Chair of the Committee on Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance of the International Law Association, co-convenor of the Interest Group on the International Law of Culture of the European Society of International Law, and mediator at the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Countries of Origin or its Restitution in case of Illicit Appropriation (ICPRCP). He holds a PhD in international law from the European University Institute in Florence, and MA in art history from the University of Warsaw. From 2015 to 2018, he was Project Leader of the Horizon 2020 JPI Heritage (ERANET) research project ‘HEURIGHT – The Right to Cultural Heritage in the European Union’, run by an international consortium of six academic institutions from Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom. He is the author or editor of numerous publications on the protection and management of cultural heritage in both international and European law, including State Succession in Cultural Property, published by Oxford University Press in 2015, and Cultural Rights as Collective Rights: An International Law Perspective, published by Brill in 2016. He is currently co-editing (with Ana F. Vrdoljak and Alessandro Chechi) the Oxford Commentary on the 1970 UNESCO and 1995 UNIDROIT Conventions.

Dr. Alicja Jagielska-Burduk

Dr. Alicja Jagielska-Burduk holds a PhD, MBA, and is a trained legal counselor and mediator

She is the holder of the chair UNESCO on the Cultural Property Law of the University of Opole. She also co-chairs TIAMSA Legal within The International Art Market Studies Association.  She is the co-founder and editor-in-chief of the international journal Santander Art and Culture Law Review. In 2020, she was selected as an arbitrator for the Arbitrator Pool of the Court of Arbitration for Art in Hague.


Emma Kleiner (Intern)

Emma Kleiner is an undergraduate student at The University of Maryland, College Park, double majoring in Astronomy and Physics and minoring in Public Leadership. She researched molecular clouds and is now researching the link between star formation and environment in interacting galaxies. Her passions have since expanded to include the preservation of heritage in space. Emma has previously interned for Dr. Marlène M. Losier where she researched how the advancement of technologies and exploration both in deep ocean waters and space affects ethical and established international law principles. She is now volunteering with For All Moonkind by researching major international scientific achievements that have contributed to humanity’s first step on the moon. She is thankful to be given the opportunity to help in the effort to preserve human heritage


Diego Juárez (Intern)

Diego Juárez is an intern on For All Moonkind’s Heritage Council. His work consists of researching heritage segments of outer space cultural heritage. Diego is motivated by safeguarding cultural heritage beyond Earth given its potential to strengthen multilateral relations and enrich cultural heritage for future generations. Diego is a secondary student at the Instituto Oriente of Puebla in Mexico. Previously he studied four years at the International School of Beijing in China. Diego is interested in pursuing university studies in political science before obtaining a degree in law that he hopes to apply within the international political system. He has participated in three Model UN programs among which he has placed second at the national level in Mexico. Diego is fluent in English and Spanish. He has working knowledge of French.


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