Legal Council

Mr. Gilles Doucet

Gilles Doucet is an independent space security consultant with expertise in satellite technologies, military space applications, space regulatory frameworks and international space security cooperation.

Mr Doucet recently retired from the Canadian Department of National Defence after 35 years as a DRDC scientist, where he held numerous positions researching and assessing space capabilities relevant to military applications. He headed multidisciplinary scientific teams providing expertise to the Canadian Armed Forces for operations and threats, DND for policy and Global Affairs Canada for technology exports and international engagement.

Mr Doucet’s experience also includes a diplomatic role, serving as Counsellor for Defence R&D at the Canadian Embassy in Paris, France from 2008 to 2010. Mr Doucet holds Bachelor & Masters degrees in Mechanical Engineering (Ottawa, 1981 & 1993) and a Graduate Certificate of Air and Space Law (McGill, 2017).

Dr. Roy Balleste

Dr. Roy Balleste is Professor of Law and Law Library Director at St. Thomas University School of Law, Miami Gardens, Florida, USA. He completed his doctorate degree (J.S.D.) in Intercultural Human Rights (analyzing internet governance policy, including its history, actors, and institutions).

Professor Balleste teaches internet governance policy and cybersecurity policy. He has concentrated his scholarship and advocacy in the areas of internet governance, suborbital flights, cybersecurity, human rights, and the relationship between technology, public policy, regulations, and advocacy priorities.

Professor Balleste is a member of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers’ Noncommercial Users Stakeholder Group (ICANN-NCSG) and the Noncommercial Users Constituency (NCUC) of the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO). He served as a member of ICANN NCUC’s Executive Committee as the Representative for North America from December 2013 to December 2015.

Professor Balleste is also a member of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet).

Balleste served one tour in the US. Navy and one tour in the U.S. Army.

In 2015, Roman and Littlefield published two of his books: ‘Internet Governance: Origins, Current Issues, and Future Possibilities’, and ‘Cybersecurity: Human Rights in the Age of Cyberveillance’ (co-edited with Dr. Joanna Kulesza).

Dr. Ranjana Kaul

Dr. Kaul is a Partner at Dua Associates, Advocates& Solicitors, in New Delhi, India. She holds an LLM from the Institute of Air & Space Law, Faculty of Law, McGill University, Canada; a Doctorate from University of Poona and a Bachelors in Law degree from the University of Delhi in India.

Dr. Kaul has published papers, participated in various national and international conferences on law of outer space. She is regularly consulted on issues related to application of international aviation and space law regimes to India’s domestic legal regime, including national security aspects.

Dr. Kaul’s legal practice focuses in the areas of aviation law and regulations, space enabled business regulations in India, including e-commerce and company law including joint ventures, M&A and related arbitration.

Dr. Kaul serves in pro-bono capacity on the Board of Trustees of Community Aid& Sponsorship Programme, a NGO which promotes education of under-privileged children and as Chairperson of The Elisabeth Gauba School, New Delhi. She has also served as Member, Delhi State Commission for Women.

Dr. Kaul has been the recipient of the Nicholas Matessco Matte Prize 2004, Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, The Charles Wallace Trust Award 1990, U.K., the Icchalkaranji Prize 1973, University of Poona and Sir Purshottambhau Wad Prize 1973, University of Poona.

Mr. Jerry Trachtman

Mr. Trachtman is managing shareholder at the Law Offices of Jerry H.Trachtman, P.A. in Melbourne, Florida.

Upon receiving his Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering at Penn State University, he accepted a position at the Kennedy Space Center as an Apollo spacecraft operations engineer responsible for the prelaunch test and checkout of the Apollo spacecraft instrumentation and telemetry systems. He later served as lead engineer responsible for the Apollo spacecraft integration and prelaunch testing of the lunar orbital science experiments which flew on Apollo 15 – 17.

After Apollo he worked on our first space station, the Skylab program, as Skylab earth resources experiments project integrity engineer.

Mr. Trachtman received his Juris Doctor degree at the University of Florida College of Law in 1976. His practice emphasizes aviation and space related matters, and he is one of 42 lawyers recognized by the Florida Bar as a Board Certified Specialist in Aviation Law.

He is currently serving as chair of the Florida Bar Aviation Law Certification Committee, and serves on the Penn State University College of Engineering’s Industrial and Professional Advisory Council, a select group of representatives from industry, government agencies, academia, and the profession who advise the College of Engineering on academic issues and on current trends and future directions.

He is an instrument rated pilot and flies his Piper Meridian for business and pleasure.

Dr. Dale Stephens

Dr. Dale Stephens CSM is a Captain in the Royal Australian Navy Reserve who spent over 20 years as a permanent officer in the Navy before taking up his appointment at Adelaide Law School.

He has occupied numerous staff officer appointments throughout his career in the Australian Defence Force, including Fleet Legal Officer, Command Legal Officer (Naval Training Command), Chief Legal Officer Strategic Operations Command, Director of Operational and International Law, Deputy Director of the Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law (a joint venture with Melbourne University Law School), Director Navy Legal and Director of the Military Law Centre.

He has deployed twice to East Timor (INTERFET & UNTAET) and twice to Iraq (Baghdad) in senior legal officer positions and has provided extensive advice to Government at the strategic level.

In the early 2000’s Professor Stephens was part of the Australian delegation to UNESCO negotiating the Underwater Cultural Heritage Convention. In the mid 2000’s he taught at the U.S. Naval War College located in Newport, Rhode Island as a faculty member of the International Law Department. In 2010 was seconded to the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet as a senior advisor on Afghanistan. In more recent years he has taught National Security Law as well as a number of military law subjects at the ANU College of Law.

Dr Stephens is Director of The University of Adelaide Research Unit on Military Law and Ethics (RUMLAE) and co-editor of the RUMLAE eJournal. He is currently Head of the combined SA/NT Navy Legal Reserve Panel, Director of the Adelaide Military Law Program and a member of the Ploughshares/McGill University/George Washington University ‘Space Security Index’ Consortium.

Mr. Mohamed Amara

Mr. Mohamed Amara is an Algerian lawyer currently holding the position of General Counsel for the United Arab Emirates Space Agency. Mohamed has been practicing in the GCC region for over 25 years. Before joining the UAE Space Agency, Mohamed also worked for the Abu Dhabi National Oil & Gas Group of companies (ADNOC) where he advised the Group on all legal matters related to the oil & gas, including the drafting of national legislation. Mohamed holds a Master’s Degree in Public law and Economics from the University of Alexandria in Egypt. Mohamed is also a registered Arbitrator in the UAE and has served as Chair and Sole Arbitrator in various cases ranging from construction, real estates, contract interpretation and oil & gas disputes. Currently, Mohamed is engaged in advising the UAE Space Agency on its preparation of the legal framework for the regulation of the space sector in particular the space activities draft law and regulations, and takes part in its delegation to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space .Mohamed is a member of the International Institute of Space Law.

Mr. Alfred Anzaldua

Mr. Al (aka Alfred/Alfredo) Anzaldúa is a retired U.S. State Department diplomat and 30 plus-year veteran of space advocacy. His undergraduate educational background is in Science (pre-Med curriculum) and International Studies, followed by a Master’s degree in Latin American Studies. As a U.S. Foreign Service Officer, he carried out diplomatic and science-related work, primarily in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Washington D.C. Al is Vice-Chair and International Relations Coordinator for the National Space Society (NSS) International Committee, an NSS Policy Committee member, and Officer and Board member of the Tucson L5 Space Society. He has authored a series of articles on space-development issues in the Space Review, the Reflector, Ad Astra, and other publications, including the 5th volume of the Aerospace Technology Working Group Book published by the Secure World Foundation, et al. As a member of the NSS Policy Committee, Al was the lead author on two NSS policy papers on orbital debris. Al also has given frequent presentations and exhibitions on space-related subjects dating back to 1985. Married with children and grandchildren, he lives in Tucson, Arizona, but spends much of his time in Sauzal, near Ensenada, Mexico.

Dr. I.B.R. Supancana

Prof. Dr. I.B.R Supancana, and Indonesian space lawyer, obtained his PhD in International Law from Leiden University, the Netherland (1998), before that got his Master of International Law from University of Indonesia (1990) and Bachelor of Law (S.H) in International Law from Padjadajaran University (1983). He has also acted as a Guest Lecturer at several universities, not only in Indonesia but also abroad (among others: Advanced Studies on Air and Space Law, Leiden University, Kobe University). His main areas of expertise are in the field of Aviation and Space Law; Foreign Direct Investment Law; Settlement of Disputes (Arbitration and ADR); Cyber Law; Mining; International Commercial Contract; and Regulatory Reform.

He has acted as an advisor and consultant for various international organizations and donor countries (GIZ, JICA, World Bank, British Embassy, EU Trade, among others) as well as Indonesian Governmental Agencies (among others, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space, National Law Reform Body, National Development Planning Board, National Investment Coordination Board, etc.). He often represents the Indonesian government in bilateral and multilateral negotiations (ASEAN Regional Forum, APEC, UN Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, APSCO, among others).

Mr. Brian Israel

Brian served as the U.S. Government’s lead lawyer for the international legal aspects of outer space, and has deep experience in the legal dimensions of developing and regulating advanced technologies.

Brian joined Planetary Resources from the State Department’s Office of the Legal Adviser, where he represented the United States internationally as U.S. Representative to the Legal Subcommittee of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (2012-2016), and in numerous negotiations with foreign governments.  Beyond space, Brian has a successful record of engineering multinational collaborations to address global challenges, most recently as co-chair of a high level Task Force of the Arctic Council charged with designing a twenty-first-century governance framework for the Arctic Ocean.  Brian graduated order of the coif from Berkeley Law, where he received the Jurisprudence Award in Patent Law.

At Planetary Resources, Brian oversees the legal, regulatory, and compliance functions for the company, its parent, and Planetary Resources Luxembourg.

Mr. Rafael Moro-Aguilar

Rafael Moro-Aguilar is a lawyer specializing in the regulation of space activities. Mr. Moro-Aguilar worked in 1996-97 at the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (OOSA), based in Vienna, Austria, where he assisted in servicing the official sessions of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS). He participated in the Space Generation Forum of the UNISPACE III Conference, in Vienna in 1999. He currently works as the head of legal affairs for Orbspace Engineering, a European aerospace consulting firm, as well as being an adjunct professor at Florida International University in Miami, Florida, where he resides.

Mr. Moro-Aguilar has published a number of papers, book chapters, and reports on various space law issues, and he often delivers lectures and presentations on these topics. He also advises the Spanish Government on international space law issues, having been a member of the delegation of Spain to the Legal Subcommittee of COPUOS since 2002. In addition, in 2013 he was interviewed by the Spanish media on the topic of how to protect the Apollo lunar landing sites under international space law.

Mr. Moro-Aguilar is an active member of the Spanish Centre for Space Law, the International Institute of Space Law (where he serves as Co-Editor of the annual IISL Proceedings), and the Space Law Committee of the International Law Association.

He received his J.D. from Madrid’s Autonoma University and his LL.M. from the University of Michigan. He is also a graduate of the International Space University (SSP ‘96).

Mr. Thomas Cheney

Thomas is a PhD candidate in space law at Northumbria University in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK. His research focuses on the relationship between property rights and sovereignty and the consequences for space mining with a specific focus on asteroid mining. He is also Co-lead of the Space Generation Advisory Council’s Space Law and Policy Project Group and has, among other things, represented SGAC at the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. He is also a member of the British Interplanetary Society, the European Centre for Space Law and The Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group. Thomas is also Executive Director of the Centre for a Spacefaring Civilization; a new space law and policy think tank.

 

Mr. Humaid Alshamsi

Humaid Alshamsi is a founding Partner of ABH Aerospace and Legal Counsel to the Dubai World Central Corporation, where he provides legal services for an emerging 145 sq. km. master-planned city that includes aviation and logistic districts beside the world’s biggest airport in the making (Al Maktoum International Airport).

Prior to this current position, Mr. Alshamsi was the first lawyer to work for the UAE General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) where he was involved in a number of legislations related to aviation such as Civil Aviation Law, GCAA’s Establishment Law, and Advance Passenger Information Law.

He has also served as a member of the Commission of Experts of the Supervisory Authority of the International Registry (CESAIR) under the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Mr. Alshamsi represented the GCAA in committees, working groups, and meetings at international, regional, and national levels.

He completed his Bachelor of Laws from the University of Sharjah, UAE, and is expected to earning his LLM in Air and Space Law from McGill University in August 2017.

Dr. Andrea Harrington

Dr. Andrea Harrington is the Associate Director of the LL.M. Program in Air and Space Law at the University of Mississippi School of Law. She was previously an Erin J.C. Arsenault Fellow in Space Governance at the McGill University Institute of Air and Space Law (IASL), where her doctoral research focused on insurance and liability issues for the commercial space industry.

At McGill, she also served as the Teaching Fellow in Private International Air Law and earned numerous awards, including: a P.E.O. Scholar Award, the International Aviation Women’s Association Scholarship, the Secure World Foundation Young Professionals International Astronautical Congress (IAC) Scholarship, and the Setsuko Ushioda-Aoki Prize for academic merit.

Professor Harrington holds a DCL and LLM from the McGill IASL, as well as a JD with High Honors from the University of Connecticut School of Law, an MSc from the London School of Economics, and a BA from Boston University (Magna Cum Laude).

She is a licensed attorney in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Professor Harrington is currently the Executive Editor of the Journal of Space Law and a member of the editorial board for the American Bar Association publication The Air and Space Lawyer. As a member of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL), she serves as the Faculty Chair for the Advisory Committee to the Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition (North America Region).

Mr. Ronald McCandless

Mr. McCandless is the CEO of Lunar Experiences, a new US/Ireland company at the confluence of space, virtual reality, and gaming. Prior to Lunar Experiences, Ron was a successful IT consultant, co-directed a STEAM (STEM plus the Arts) nonprofit, and worked as a hypersonic aerodynamics engineer for both NASA and the U.S. Navy.

He was originally inspired by the Apollo moon landings and Star Trek to join NASA. Years later, Ron was further motivated to make a mark in New Space after visiting an early XPRIZE Cup event in Las Cruces, NM. He is an avid futurist who looks forward to living and working in space post-Singularity along with our AI overlords as part and parcel of humanity’s future.

Ron holds a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Cincinnati, M.S in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences from the George Washington University (GWU), and M.A. in Space Policy from the GWU Elliott School of International Affairs, Space Policy Institute.

Ron is a dual US/Ireland citizen working with a group from the Irish space industry to create a national space agency. He holds equal passions for space technology, policy, and law.

Ms. Elina Morozova

Born in Riga, Latvia, Ms. Morozova graduated with honors from the All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade under the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, Department of International Law. In 2008, she completed a postgraduate course in International Economy at the same Academy and qualified as Economist with Foreign Language (English) Skills. In 2010, she earned an LL.M. in International Business Law from the University of Manchester. From 2003 to 2005 Ms. Morozova worked at the legal department of a major Russian telecommunications company.

In September 2005, Ms. Morozova was employed by the Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications as Legal Counsel. In 2010, she was appointed Head of International Legal Service.

Ms. Morozova sits on the Board of Directors of the International Institute of Space Law and is a member of the Expert Committee of the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly – Regional Commonwealth in the Field of Communications (RCC). She heads the working group for the revision of the regulatory instruments of the RCC.

She is a member of the Russian Association of International Law and is the author of over a dozen publications concerning international space law and satellite telecommunications in English and Russian.

Ms. Enarda Cuni

Enarda Cuni is a Lawyer that has focused her legal career in private institutions working in public procurement for security services in Tirana.  Ms. Cuni completed her Master of Laws in Intercultural Human Rights at St. Thomas University, Miami Gardens, Florida, USA (analyzing the right to vote, election law, its implementation, and comparing different human rights systems).  She earned her law degree from Luarasi University in Tirana, Albania.   She also conducted studies on Transnational Justice, Rule of Laws and Human Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina (analyzing the human rights violation in Kosovo, the consequences of the conflict and the future of country).

Mrs. Cuni has published papers and participated in various national and international conferences on human rights.  In 2013, the Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research evaluated her work for excellence in participation in the third International Conference on Human and Social Sciences, which brought focus on the case of child soldiers.  In 2012, Enarda earned the third price in the Therapeutic Jurisprudence Competition at St. Thomas University School of law, Miami, Florida USA.

Ms. Vani Munisami

Vani Munisami is a lawyer specialising in Space law and International law. Originally from Mauritius, she has spent seven years in the United Kingdom, learning the ropes in the legal arena.  Her initiation began at King’s College London, where she earned her Bachelor of Laws. She then attended University College London, where she gained experience in International Cultural Heritage Law and the UNESCO, and obtained her Masters in International and Commercial Law.  She also holds a Masters degree in Aviation Law and Space Law from McGill University, Canada.  Admitted to the Bar of England and Wales, she has dabbled in various fields including Corporate, Employment, Immigration and Arbitration. She has worked as a Legal Advisor and Representative on behalf of a number of British institutions in London and is also an accredited Civil and Commercial Mediator.

Mr. Virgiliu Pop

Virgiliu Pop is a Romanian space lawyer and author.  He is a member of the International Institute of Space Law and of the European Center for Space Law.  He has published several space law articles in “Space Policy” and in the “Proceedings of the Colloquium on the International Law of Outer Space.”  In 1999, Virgil attended the Space Generation Forum of the Third United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNISPACE III in Vienna, Austria, where the Space Generation Advisory Council in Support of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications was established. He served in different capacities at national and regional level in this organization and attended several events on youth participation in space related activities.  He is also a Director in Cosmica network, and during his stay in the UK he was active as an Executive Member in the Space Development Council, the main UK space policy group.  Besides space law, he has a strong interest in the general aspects of space exploration, having attended the ESA-sponsored “Space Station Design Workshop” and “Lunar Base Design Workshop.”  Virgil is known for his tongue-in-cheek claim for the ownership of the Sun, an original manner of protesting the phony industry of “extraterrestrial real estate.”  His dedication for the subject of property rights in outer space and the originality of his articles earned him the interest of the mass media, being interviewed by several publications from Chile to the United States.

Ms. Lulu Makapela

Lulu Makapela has been professional in the field of aerospace for a period of over 10 years.  Currently, Makapela works for the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) as Project and Contract Manager for the Aerospace and Composite Initiatives. With strong background and expertise in areas demanding strong project management,  legal, policy and space treaty implementation focus in broader areas , particularly highly complex areas  such as telecommunications, aerospace and space, earth observations and science , Ms Makapela has previously worked as  Project Manager  of the National Earth Observations and Space Secretariat, an initiative of the Department of Science and Technology  previously hosted at the CSIR, and Deputy Director of the Advanced Manufacturing Unit of the Department of Trade and Industry . She has also previously worked at the legal, international and Director-General’s office of the Department of Communications, as well as at  the  Scorpion Legal Protection and the National Prosecuting Authority during in the beginning of her career.

As a young professional in space , Makapela has shown her commitment and dedication to contribute in space science and tecnology  and international cooperation in different ways. In 2013 , she was  appointed  to serve as a Member of the South african Council for Space affairs (SACSA) , a space regulatory body responsible for the regulation of space activities and serves as the Chair of the committee responsible to review the national  space legislation. With a  passion to attract the Africa youth to consider undertaking space science and legal  related  careers , she serves as  a Member of the Inernational Instiute of Space Law(IISL)  and  is the Africa Regional Co-ordinator for the Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court competition which is held annually on the Africa Continent.  She is also the Co-Chair of the Africa Leadership youth Forum , which aims to promote space science among African young professionals and students.

Ms. Aleksandra Marinova
Aleksandra was born in North Eastern Bulgaria and has been actively involved with astronomy since high school. As a member of the National Observatory and Planetarium in Varna, Bulgaria she participated in various observational projects and volunteered in organising the local scientific conference. She holds an International Law degree from Lancaster University, UK with a dissertation on commercial asteroid mining. Currently she’s part of the marketing and outreach team of UKSEDS, which aims to spread awareness if space among young people in the UK. She’s also a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society and an active member of the Space Law and Policy Group of the SGAC and the European Centre for Space Law.
Dr. Elvira Prado

Dr. Elvira Prado (Madrid) has a Bachelor´s Degree in Law from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and a Degree in Tourism. In 1994, she earned an LL.M. in Maritime and Air Law from the Free University of Brussels (ULB) and holds a Doctorate in International Public Law cum laude. She has recently published the book “Major International Space Law Challenges for the European Union Member States”.

Dr. Prado has combined her academic life with her other passion: culture. She has developed her professional career in both fields of law and cultural heritage management for private and public institutions, like Spanish National Heritage.

She has lectured and published papers about the Moon Agreement and Space Cultural Heritage, participated in various international conferences and organized scientific symposia like “A visionary Impulse for a New Space Age” at the Ramon Areces Foundation.  Dr. Prado is currently developing the STECAM concept© in order to include Culture as another fundamental pillar of the STEAM education.

She is a member of the International Law Association (ILA) Committee on Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance, a member of the Iberoamerican Institute of Air and Space Law  and the International Institute of Space Law (IISL).

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